In December 2020, the sales of electric vehicles in Europe increased significantly year-on-year. The sales of electric vehicles in the six countries of the United Kingdom, Germany, France, Norway, Sweden, and Italy totaled 198,000 units, a year-on-year increase of nearly four times.
1. Double the number of registrations! The British electric car market is growing rapidly
With the popularity of charging piles, the decline in the cost of electric vehicles, and the increase in cruising range, the sales of electric vehicles in the UK did not decrease during the epidemic. The latest news shows that the number of registered pure electric vehicles in the UK in 2020 has increased by nearly 190%. The British government plans to ban the sale of gasoline and diesel cars from 2030, which also makes electric cars the first choice for people to travel in the future.
It is reported that Britons drive more than 300 kilometers a year no more than twice, and most people travel within 30 kilometers. The operating cost of electric vehicles is very low, only 1.2 pence per kilometer, which is about RMB 1 cent. Therefore, electric vehicles have become the best choice for the second car in some British families.
A survey from the British Automobile Association shows that young people in the UK have a higher acceptance of electric cars than the older generation, and half of consumers are willing to buy electric cars.
In order to meet the huge increase in the use of electric vehicles on British roads, there are currently 5,800 charging stations and 16,000 charging posts all over the UK, and the rate is increasing at a rate of 340 charging posts per month. In addition, the UK now has 38 electric vehicles available for subsidies, with subsidies up to 4,500 pounds, or about 39,000 yuan.
As a balance during the transition period, British consumers can still use hybrid electric vehicles until 2035. After this date, the UK will fully start the era of pure electric vehicles.
2. Germany: the rise of electric vehicles, traditional car companies seek change
The automobile industry is a pillar industry in Germany. In the traditional fuel vehicle era, German automobiles accounted for almost half of the global market. With the rise of the electric automobile market, the German automobile market is also quietly changing. According to statistics, in 2020, the top five domestic electric vehicle sales in Germany are Volkswagen, Renault, Tesla, Daimler Smart and Hyundai. According to the forecast of the authoritative organization McKinsey, in 2021, the production of electric vehicles in Germany may exceed 1.7 million units.
According to data from the Federal Motor Transport Administration of Germany, the number of new registrations of pure electric vehicles in Germany in 2020 will double to 194,000.
German car companies are also actively embracing industry transformation. The Volkswagen Group’s Zwickau plant will completely stop production of fuel vehicles in June 2020, and will fully transform the production line to produce pure electric vehicles. It is expected that after the transformation is completed in 2021, the annual production capacity will exceed 300,000 vehicles, and there will be 8 similar factory transformation projects. By 2030, the proportion of electric vehicles in Volkswagen’s new cars will reach 40%.
Industry insiders predict that if the sales of electric vehicles maintain the growth momentum in the fourth quarter of 2020, then by 2030, Germany will achieve the goal of registering 7 million to 10 million electric vehicles.
3. Norwegian electric vehicle market share ranks first in the world
The latest data released by the European Automobile Manufacturers Association shows that the sales of pure electric and plug-in hybrid vehicles in the EU in 2020 have almost doubled over the previous year, and the total sales of new cars exceed 1 million, accounting for 10% of all new car sales. %the above. Among them, the EU sold nearly 540,000 electric vehicles last year, more than double the number in 2019. According to statistics, in 2020, Norway will become the world’s first country where the sales of new electric vehicles exceed half of the total sales of all new vehicles, which means that Norway’s current market share of electric vehicles ranks first in the world.
Norway sold approximately 141,400 new motor vehicles in 2020, of which approximately 76,800 were electric vehicles. Electric vehicles accounted for more than 67% of new vehicle sales in December 2020. The Norwegian Electric Vehicle Association predicts that in 2021, the sales of electric vehicles in Norway will reach 65% of the country’s total new car sales.
In Norway, the government has introduced a series of measures to encourage consumers to buy electric and hybrid vehicles. For example, if you want to buy a traditional fuel car, consumers have to pay an additional purchase tax in addition to the 25% value-added tax. But if you buy a pure electric vehicle, consumers can not only enjoy high tax reductions, but also drive electric vehicles to use bus lanes. In addition, the parking fees and ferry transportation fees of pure electric vehicles are only half of traditional fuel vehicles, and in some places even lower. In addition, an important reason why Norwegian consumers choose to buy electric cars with confidence is the convenience of charging. On the land of 385,000 square kilometers in Norway, the charging facilities are very complete.
In 2011, the market share of electric vehicles in Norway was only about 1%, and in just ten years, electric vehicles have completed a “counterattack” against fuel vehicles. Up to now, sales of new energy vehicles in Norway have accounted for more than 10% of the entire European market. Among them, pure electric vehicle sales accounted for 4%. According to statistics, the top three best-selling models in Norway in 2020 are Audi, Tesla and Volkswagen.
Previously, the Norwegian Parliament passed legislation stipulating that all motor vehicles sold in the country by 2025 must be zero-emissions. Right now, people in the Norwegian automotive industry also hope to increase cooperation with Chinese companies in the field of electric vehicles.